The Conventional Moroccan Hammam: Historical past, Steps, and Advantages

For each vacationer coming to Morocco, visiting a standard Moroccan hammam and experiencing the big selection of advantages is undoubtedly on their bucket listing. Whereas public bathhouses is perhaps related to Turkish and Roman cultures, the standard Moroccan hammam is a novel expertise.

Moroccan hammams take their inspiration from the primary unique bathhouses created by the Roman empire greater than 2000 years in the past, constructed to extend public hygiene. Roman’s rule over North Africa left its pronounced affect on Moroccan tradition, seen within the structure of Roman ruins nonetheless remaining throughout the nation. Rome’s thumbprint in trendy Morocco is most noticeable within the Moroccan hammam.

The traditional bathhouse quickly grew in Islamic Moroccan tradition with a couple of modifications that made it distinctive and totally different from others. Historically, Moroccan hammams are situated close to mosques to facilitate the purification of physique and soul earlier than prayers rituals. 

The buildings are normally giant. Most Moroccan hammams include three or 4 lengthy rooms. These baths, nonetheless, don’t have swimming pools like Turkish baths. As a substitute, bathers take part within the rituals in these giant, tiled steam rooms Every room has a distinct temperature. Usually they’ve vaulted, dome ceilings..

The Moroccan hammam rapidly grew to become a standard, weekly ritual amongst Moroccans, particularly since having a washing room was not frequent in Moroccan homes. Another excuse the standard Moroccan hammam grew in recognition is that water is an important image of purification and cleanliness in Islam.

Earlier than visiting a standard Moroccan hammam, you is perhaps curious as to what it’s precisely. What are the steps of the hammam expertise? What are the advantages of the hammam and what merchandise does one use throughout the bathing course of?

This information will provide help to study extra concerning the conventional bathhouse and every part that you must know earlier than your first go to. Its goal is to assist reduce any confusion you will have and let you stay the distinctive expertise to the fullest.

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The normal Moroccan hammam

On common, Moroccan women and men will bathe in a standard hammam as soon as per week, both alone or with their family and friends, to cleanse themselves, speak about life, socialize, and generally even make connections or new associates.

Hammams are normally two buildings that separate the ladies’s facet from the boys’s. This division makes it a protected area for bathers who gown in solely their underwear in these large, open areas. Smaller hammams will schedule totally different hours for women and men in the event that they don’t have separate services to accommodate everybody. 

In up to date Morocco, there are numerous varieties of hammams. There are the native, extra conventional hammams frequented by Moroccan bathers. These are usually situated in smaller cities, although generally you will discover one in additional widespread neighborhoods in large cities. These are the hammams that Moroccans use regularly as their public bathhouse.

Extra luxurious, spa-like hammams are present in main cities, typically situated inside motels. In these luxurious spa-hammams, you get the total expertise of pampering. 

Not like a standard hammam, somebody assists you with all steps of the method in a spa-hammam. You may complement your bathtub with spa therapies reminiscent of massages, mud baths, oils, and quite a few different facilities to pamper your self. Whenever you’re finished, sip on a glass of Moroccan mint tea in an inviting Moroccan salon.

A 3rd sort is knowledgeable hammam, which is extra upscale than a day-to-day hammam, cheaper than an opulent one, and maintains the standard bathing model of a Moroccan hammam.

Entry to a neighborhood, every-day hammam prices round MAD 10 to 20 ($1 – 2). Skilled or spa-hammams might be way more costly. 

For a vacationer’s first time in a Moroccan hammam, visiting knowledgeable hammam is an efficient place to start out for a standard expertise. An attendant will accompany and information you thru the entire steps the hammam expertise, serving to you keep away from any fake pas or cultural shock, however nonetheless get the idea of a standard hammam.

Nonetheless, after your preliminary expertise at a spa or skilled hammam, you’ll not need to miss visiting a neighborhood, conventional hammam for a way more genuine expertise within the Moroccan tradition.

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Hammam merchandise and rituals

As soon as you might be contained in the hammam, you’ll undress within the altering room. Males normally bathe of their boxers, underwear, or swim shorts. Most girls put on solely their underwear or bikini bottoms to bathtub, although some choose to wash fully nude. 

After you alter, you’ll go away your issues within the altering room with the attendant who’s chargeable for guarding the shoppers’ possessions. To lower any lack of valuables, nobody brings cell telephones, jewellery, or giant sums of cash to public hammams, leaving solely their garments and towels with the attendant.

Whereas within the altering room, ask the attendant for water buckets that you’ll use contained in the steaming rooms. You’ll carry alongside your regular bathe toiletries in addition to your Moroccan black cleaning soap and kees. 

It’s additionally good to put on a pair of plastic sandals or flip flops. In case you are in a spa-type hammam, they are going to offer you the Moroccan hammam merchandise without having to carry your individual.

First step

A typical conventional Moroccan hammam could have three rooms which might be rising ranges of warmth. The primary room is a heat room, although considerably cooler than the opposite. Right here you may acclimate to the warmth earlier than shifting into the following rooms. The second room is far hotter and the third room could be very sizzling.

Many individuals choose to start out within the sizzling room for a couple of minutes to breathe, loosen up, and permit their pores to open.

Every room has two or three taps of cold and hot water. Bathers take turns filling their buckets. Fill yours to your required bathing temperature, mixing water from the 2 aspects.

Subsequent, you’ll select which room is comfy so that you can spend a prolonged period of time to take a seat in whereas bathing your self. There, you’ll coat your self from head to toe with Moroccan black cleaning soap, additionally known as cleaning soap beldi, made with pure cleaning soap and olive oil.

Permit your self to loosen up for 5 minutes or extra earlier than you rinse totally with heat water. The cleaning soap will work its magic to melt your pores and skin and assist with exfoliation. 

Second step

The second vital Moroccan product you’ll use is a kees, a delicate glove that’s just like delicate sandpaper. This glove will provide help to scrape and exfoliate your physique and take off any useless pores and skin. You’ll be amazed by how a lot useless pores and skin you may take away.

In case you are in a spa or skilled hammam, your attendant will probably be chargeable for caring for all the hammam course of reminiscent of the applying of merchandise, exfoliation, and rinsing you.

Within the conventional hammam, Moroccan ladies and men ask their associates or folks sitting subsequent to them to assist scrub their again or all the physique. Some might rent a kessala (an individual who scrubs guests within the hammam).

Should you really feel such as you need assistance exfoliating, don’t be shy to ask the particular person subsequent to you to clean your again. They could ask you to return the favor. 

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Third step

After the deep exfoliating course of and an intensive rinse, you’ll wash your hair along with your regular shampoo. Then it’s time for the third Moroccan product, which is the clay masks known as ghassoul. Wait to make use of your conditioner till after this masks.

The clay masks is smothered all around the physique, face, and hair for deep cleaning and wash. The product is 100% clay and rose water, appropriate for any pores and skin sort. Ghassoul has many well being advantages for the pores and skin and hair, permitting them to be delicate, supple, and glossy.

Moroccan girls additionally use pure henna for softer and more healthy pores and skin. They scrub the henna into their pores and skin and go away it for a couple of minutes earlier than rinsing it off.

After your bathtub in a spa-hammam, you’ll be provided a therapeutic massage with the well-known Moroccan argan oil. The oil moisturizes your physique, making it really feel contemporary and easy just like the pores and skin of a new child child. In a standard Moroccan hammam, you may apply your individual oil within the altering room.

Advantages of Moroccan hammams

You may reap many advantages by visiting a standard Moroccan hammam. From the within out, you’ll really feel like a brand new particular person after your bathtub.

Physique and soul detox 

The method of cleaning and purifying your physique will provide help to loosen up internally. It calms the thoughts, permitting you to assume extra clearly, cut back any anxiousness or stress that’s built-up, and assist you may have a greater sleep.

Muscle rest 

The method of exfoliating your physique within the steamed rooms is sort of like a deep therapeutic massage. It’s a therapeutic expertise that your pores and skin and physique profit from, loosening any tight knots within the muscle groups, serving to you to really let go and loosen up.

Wholesome pores and skin 

Your pores and skin will profit from the various nutritional vitamins and minerals within the pure and conventional Moroccan hammam merchandise. These merchandise will nurture your pores and skin, enhance elasticity, and preserve it contemporary and revitalized. Beldi cleaning soap comprises olive oil, which means your pores and skin will profit from vitamin E and a excessive degree of antioxidants. It’s a deep cleanse to your pores and skin, protecting it tight and younger. 

Struggle pimples and hydrate

Exfoliation, the removing of the useless pores and skin, in addition to the ghassoul helps unclog pores, permitting them to breathe. Additionally, you will cut back toxins from the pores and skin, regulate pores and skin oils, and assist reduce scars and redness.

Visiting a standard Moroccan hammam for the primary time is usually a complicated expertise. Some would possibly even discover it embarrassing to be so bare in such a public area. Nonetheless, a Moroccan hammam will certainly ease your journey stress whilst you soak in all of the well being advantages, so you may proceed your journey in Morocco in the perfect form doable.

Following this conventional Moroccan hammam information will reply most of the questions you will have, assist ease any confusion, and put together you for an genuine hammam expertise.

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